In the above video, Oceanographer for the U.S. Navy, RADM David Titley, discusses climate change and its impending ramifications on national security. Listen as he details some of the top facts and figures you should know about climate change and your future, explained in terms that even the most unfamiliar with science would be able to understand.
Kuba Tatarkiewicz, Shohei Watanabe, Rick Reynolds, and Dariusz Stramski on Ice Liberty outside of USCGC HEALY. (Photo: Haley Smith Kingsland)
Kevin Arrigo is a Professor in the Department of Environmental Earth System Science at Stanford University. He is the Chief Scientist for NASA’s ICESCAPE (Impact of Climate change on the Eco-Systems and Chemistry of the Arctic Pacific Environment) mission this summer onboard US Coast Guard Cutter HEALY.
Light. During our waking hours, it surrounds us constantly, yet we give it very little thought. However, ICESCAPE takes light very seriously. That’s because light not only allows us to perceive this spectacular Arctic environment, it also tells us a great deal about that environment.
ICESCAPE has three research groups dedicated to studying light in the ocean – a science called ocean optics. One of them, led by Rick Reynolds and Dariusz Stramski (Scripps Institution of Oceanography), is focusing on how light interacts with the myriad shapes and sizes of particles that float beneath the ocean surface. They are especially interested in the tiniest particles that are rarely studied but are the most abundant.
Rick and Dariusz use a couple of techniques to study how light interacts with particles. In one, they take water samples and put them into some state-of-the-art particle counters. However, these instruments don’t just count the particles — they determine their size, and if possible, what they are made of. In the other technique, they drop a suite of instruments into the water and measure how much light is absorbed and scattered at different depths. By comparing these two sets of measurements, they can better understand how particles affect the water’s color.
Sgt. Michael Heacock tracks clouds on the Station Meteorological Oceanographic Command's wall of thunder. Photo by Lance Cpl. Robert Botkin.
Bob Freeman works for the Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy.
When Marines land on a beach and push inland to secure a strategic objective, the physical environment can either be a tactical asset or a dangerous impediment.
Marine Corps weather specialists ensure that the “boots on the ground” get a tactical advantage through detailed knowledge of the operational environment.
“We’re responsible for everything from the bottom of the ocean to the sun,” explained Marine Corps Master Sgt. Kari Hubler in a March 24 interview on Pentagon Web Radio’s webcast “Armed with Science: Research and Applications for the Modern Military.” Listen to the full interview.